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Design/Analysis Services

cfdfigure1Becht Engineering has extensive experience and expertise in the design and analysis of mechanical components, including those for very severe environments such as very high temperatures and pressures. The coupling of extensive design experience and analysis capability enables us to take on the most challenging design projects. Added to this mix is our extensive experience in the relevant codes and standards, as we have participated in and chaired many of the committees that are responsible for those that govern the design of this equipment. 

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Design

Becht Engineering thrives on design challenges. We have designed first of a kind equipment for next generation applications and pressure equipment for pressures in excess of 6000 bar and temperatures in excess of 1000oC (1800oF). We are experts in the relevant codes and standards, with more than 40 positions held in ASME, API and ASTM Codes and Standards Committees, and having chaired many of them.

Analysis

Becht Engineering analytical capabilities include finite element analysis, pipe stress analysis, computational fluid dynamics (CFD), heat transfer, mechanical dynamics and vibration, fluid transients, structural analysis, fracture mechanics and pressure vessel design/analysis. We have a broad range of commercial software tools we use in our work, and when required to properly do the job, we develop our own tools. A Becht advantage is our expert abilities in interpretation of the results, which comes from our design experience and codes and standards expertise.

Code Expertise

Becht Engineering staff is active in National Codes and Standards Committees.  Becht's staff holds over 40 positions in ASME, API and ASTM Codes and Standards Committees and has chaired many of them.  Updated November 2014

ASME COMMITTEES

ASME President - Former
Board of Governors - Current & Former Members
Board on New Development - Current Chair
Board on Hearings and Appeals - Former Chair
Board on Nuclear Codes and Standards - Current Member, Former Chair
Board on Pressure Technology Codes and Standards - Former Chair, VP & Members
Board on International Standards (Inactive Committee) - Former Member
Board on Council Operations - Former Chairs
Council on Standards and Certification - Current Member, Former Chairs & Sr. VP's

ASME POST CONSTRUCTION STANDARDS

Post Construction Standards Committee - Former Chairs & Vice-Chairs
Post Construction Executive Committee - Current Members, Former Chairs & Vice-Chairs
Subcommittee on Repair and Testing - Founding Chair, Current Member, Former Chair & Members
Subcommittee on Inspection Planning - Current Member
Subcommittee on Flange Joint Assembly - Current Chair
Subcommittee on Flaw Evaluation - Former Member

 ASME PIPING AND COMPONENT CODES AND STANDARDS

B31, Code for Pressure Piping, Executive Committee - Current & Former Members
B31, Code for Pressure Piping, Mechanical Design Committee - Current Vice-Chair & Member, Former Vice-Chair
B31, Code for Pressure Piping, Standards Committee - Current Members, Former Chair
B31.3, Process Piping Section Committee - Current Members, Former Chairs
B31.12 Hydrogen Piping and Pipelines Section Committee - Current Members
B31.3 Subgroup on High Pressure Piping - Former Chair
B31.3 Subgroup on Design - Current & Former Members
B16 Standards Committee for National & International Standardization of Valves, Flanges, Fittings, Gaskets - Current Member
B16 Subcommittee on Steel Flanges and Flanged Fittings - Current Member, Former Chair
B16 Subcommittees on fittings, gaskets, copper components and valves - Current Member 

ASME BOILER AND PRESSURE VESSEL CODE COMMITTEES

Committee on Pressure Vessels (BPV VIII) - Current Chair & Members, Former Members
Subcommittee VIII, Pressure Vessels (Inactive Committee) - Former Vice-Chair & Members
Committee on Transport Tanks - Former Member
Committee on Construction of Nuclear Facility Components - BPV III - Current Vice-Chair
Design and Analysis Committee (Inactive Committee) - Former Chairs & Members
Subgroup on Design Analysis (BPV III & VIII) - Former Chairs & Members
Executive Committee on Strategy and Project Management (BPV III) - Current Chair
Project Team on Hydrogen Tanks - Current Member
Special Committee on Interpretations (BPV III) - Current Chair
Special Interpretations Committee (SC-VIII) - Current Member
Special Working Group on High Density Polyethylene Piping (SC III) - Current Member
Special Working Group on High Pressure Vessels, Section VIII, Div 3 (Inactive Committee) - Former Chair
Standards Committee on Qualification of Mechanical Equipment - Current Member
Subcommittee on Accreditation - Former Member-Alternate
Subcommittee on Design - (Inactive Committee) - Former Members
Subgroup on General Requirements (BPV III) - Current & Former Members
Subgroup on High Pressure Vessels (Section VIII, Div 3) - Current Member, Former Chair
Subgroup on Design (BPV VIII) - Current Member, Former Chair & Members
Subgroup on Design SC-VIII (Inactive Committee) - Former Chair & Members
Subgroup on Design/Analysis (SC-D) (Inactive Committee) - Former Chair & Members
Subgroup on General Requirements (BPV VIII) - Current Member, Former Chair
Subgroup on Heat Transfer Equipment (BPV VIII) - Current Member, Former Chair
Subgroup on Toughness (BPV II & VIII) - Current Member
Subgroup on Component Design - Current Member
Subgroup on Elevated Temperature Design - Current Member, Former Chair
Task Group on Impulsively Loaded Vessels (SC VIII) - Current Members
Technical Oversight Committee (former Main Committee) - Current & Former Members
Working Group on Piping (BPV III) - Current Members, Former Chairs & Vice-Chair
Working Group on Piping (SG-D) (BPV III) - Current Member
Operation and Maintenance of Nuclear Power Plants – Piping Group - Current Member
Task Group on Buried Pipe - Current Member
Working Group on Supports (BPV III) - Former Member
Working Group on Design-By-Analysis (BPV VIII) - Current Member
Subgroup on External Pressure (BPV II) - Current Vice-Chair

ASME/API

ASME/API Joint Fitness-for-Service Committee (API 579/ASME FFS-1) - Current Members, Former Vice-Chairs & other Members
Chair of Part 7 Hydrogen Blistering

API / COMMITTEE ON REFINERY EQUIPMENT

Subcommittee on Corrosion and Materials – Current Members
Task Group on API 941 High Temperature Hydrogen Attack – Current Members and technical editor for API 941 TBD revision 1
Task Group on API 939-C Sulfidation - Author and Current Vice Chairman
Task Group on API 945 Amine Cracking – Current Chairman
Task Group on API 970 CCD/IOW - Current Members
Task Group on API 584 IOW’s- Member
Taskgroup on API 571 Refining Damage Mechanisms – Former Chair
Task Group on API 934 Heavy Wall Vessels - Members
Part F) Development of a Guidance Document for Establishing Minimum Pressurization Temperatures for Heavy Wall Reactors in Hydrogen Service – Technical Editor and Current Member
Part G) Coking Drums in Delayed Coking Units – Technical Editor and Current Member
Parts H& I Hydrotreater reactors (Maintenance and inspection) – Current Member
Task Group on API 580/581 RBI Member
Subcommittee on Piping - Former Vice-Chair
Subcommittee on Above Ground Storage Tanks - Former Member
Subcommittee on Heat Transfer Equipment - Former Chair
Task Group on Shell & Tube Heat Exchangers - Former Member
Task Group on Air Cooled Heat Exchangers - Former Member

ASCE

Working Group on Revision of ASCE Standard 4 Seismic Analysis of Safety-Related Nuclear Structures - Voting Member
ASCE Dynamic Analysis of Nuclear Structures (DANS) Committee - Current Member
Working Group on Revision of ASCE Standard 43, Seismic Design Criteria for Structures, Systems, and Components in Nuclear Facilities – Voting Member

ADDITIONAL COMMITTEE INVOLVEMENT

MTI - Board of Directors - Current Member
MTI – Knowledge Management Project Development Committee - Current Chair
NACE STG 34 Refining Corrosion – Current Members
SP-0296 Wet H2S Cracking Inspection - Vice Chair
Publication 34103 Sulfidation Corrosion – Vice Chair
AWS A5 (Filler Metals) Committee - Source for ASME IIC - Current Member
ASTM F-17, Plastic Piping Systems Main Committee - Current Member
ASTM Standards and Certification Board of Directors - Current Member, Former Chair
ASTM Committees CO3, C-16, and D-20.23 - Current Member
ISA – The International Society for Measurement & Control, member of SP 93, Sealing Technologies Committee - Former Member
Materials Technology Institute’s Technical Advisory Council Committee - Current Member
Materials Technology Institute, Evaluation of Gaskets Committee - Current Member
US TAG for ISO/TC 153/SC 1 – Valve Design, Manufacturing, Marking and Testing - Current Member
US TAG for ISO/TC 5/SC 10 – Metallic Flanges and Their Joints - Current Member
US TAG for ISO TC 197 – Hydrogen Technologies - Current Member
US TAG for ISO TC 11 - Boilers and Pressure Vessels - Current Member
Joint ASME – IEEE Seismic Qualification Committee - Former Chair
ASME – ASCE Joint Task Group on Buried Piping - Founding & Current Chair
Process/Industry Practices (PIP): Coatings and Insulation - Former Function Team Leader
Process Industry Practices (PIP): Piping - Former Member
Society for Protective Coatings (SSPC): Standards Review Committee - Former Member
US DOE Hydrogen Safety Panel - Current Member
The Materials Properties Council - Former Member
Section III, SG on General Requirements - Current Member
Section III, SWG on Polyethylene Pipe (Inactive Committee) - Former Member
Section III, Working Group on Piping Design (Inactive Committee) - Former Member
PVRC Committee on Continuing Operation of Equipment - Former Chair
ASME Hydrogen Steering Committee (Inactive Committee) - Former Chair
ASME High Pressure Systems Committee - Former Vice-Chair & Member
ASME Task Group on Risk Analysis for the Critical Assets Protection Initiative - Former Chair & Member
ASME BPTCS Ad Hoc Task Group on Incorporation of Risk Based Principles into Pressure Technology Codes and Standards - Former Chair & Member
PVP Design and Analysis Committee - Current Chair
PVP Executive Committee - Current Member
Working Group Duties and Responsibilities (SGGR-BPVIII) - Current Member
QAI-1 Qualification for Authorized Inspection - Former Chair
Subcommittee on Accreditation of Authorized Inspection Agencies - Current Member-Alternate
National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators (NCCCO) - Vice President, Board of Directors

Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD)

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Becht has the Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) program, STAR-CCM+ as part of our suite of software packages. STAR-CCM+ is capable of handling 3D or 2D, time dependent, multi-phase flow problems with a variety of turbulent models to choose from. It also can integrate with our FEA package, Abaqus, for a coupled approach of solving fluid-structure mechanics interaction problems.

One application for STAR-CCM+ is modeling flow through valves to calculate the pressure drops. It can dynamically move open and close the valve during the analysis to calculate pressure drops at different conditions. It can record data at multiple points or create a movie of the flow.

Figure 1 (click) shows a screenshot of one of the frames from a movie output of a valve. Such a movie output of streamlines over time provides us a strong view of any potential problem areas in the valve or any object that is being analyzed.

Another application that Becht has used STAR-CCM+ in is for guillotine pipe ruptures. These are best handled with a 2D model because of the uniform dispersion of contents from a fully ruptured pipe. The 2D model allows for refinement of the mesh and also allows for the use of smaller time steps which can more accurately track the pressure wave propagation through the cavity in which the steam is dispersing. Data is recorded to address a number of potential concerns a blast wave presents. The first of which is the pressure time history directly in-front of the rupture location as shown in Figure 2. Another important parameter to check is the reflection multiplier of any corners or walls, as shown in Figure 3. Finally the overall movement of the blast wave can be tracked as shown in Figure 4

                   

Elevated Temperature Design

Becht Engineering has substantial experience and expertise in elevated temperature design. Dr Becht is a member and the former Chairman of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Subgroup on Elevated Temperature Design and has developed elevated temperature design methods that have been incorporated into codes and corporate standards. Included in his work are ASME funded R&D projects to develop new elevated temperature design rules for Section VIII, Divisions 1 and 2.

Becht Engineering has performed many design, analysis and troubleshooting projects for elevated temperature equipment, that is, equipment operating in the creep range for the material of construction. This includes design of equipment at such high temperatures and conditions that the design criteria needed to be developed, as was done for the Marble Hill Nuclear Reactor Annealing project involving 1000oC (1800oF) ducting that was only required to operate for a relatively short duration. These criteria were accepted by authorities such as DOE, NRC and National Labs without comment.

Our expert knowledge has enabled us to develop practical solutions to many elevated temperature problems.

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Failure Analysis

In some occasions, damage is not detected prior to failure.  In these cases, plant operations involve us to assist them in determining the root cause of the failure.  We apply the same approach used in Fitness-For-Service.  In failure analysis, we form up teams including the relevant discipline specialists, including mechanical, materials and equiprment specific experts such as rotating and fired equipment experts.  Our findings and recommendations are used to prevent failures in other equipment.