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Becht Engineering Blog

In this section of the site contributing authors submit interesting articles relating to the various services, industries and research & development efforts of Becht Engineering.

Eight Pillars Of Excellent FEMI Programs

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INTRODUCTIONA refinery or chemical plant Fixed Equipment Mechanical Integrity (FEMI) program consists of eight basic categories or “Pillars” that are fundamental to achieve FEMI excellence. While every refinery or chemical plant has some form of these Pillars in place, they are often inadequately implemented or have significant gaps in the key elements that make up a complete Pillar. This paper describes these Pillars in detail and suggests what distinguishes good Pillars from those that are less than adequate.This article has been published previously in Inspectioneering Magazine - 2019 November/December Issue. If you would like to view the PDF of the article, CLICK HERE. The Eight Pillars of FEMI are:General and OrganizationResourcesCorrosion ManagementInspection Planning and SchedulingInspection NDERecordsRecommendationsInformation TechnologyTypically, when a FEMI audit is performed for a refinery or chemical plant, each one of these Pillars is reviewed and scored. The following sections provide an overview of the elements each Pillar should contain, as...
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Integrity Operating Windows (IOWs), a Key Piece to Your Integrity Program, But Where Else Should They Be Integrated?

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Integrity Operating Windows (IOWs) are a key component of a world class mechanical integrity program.  IOWs are not a new concept, as they have been around in different forms for many years.  However, with the publication of the first edition of API RP 584, Integrity Operating Windows, in 2014 and the more recent first edition of API 970, Corrosion Control Documents, in 2018, more focus has been placed on these limits within the refining industry.IOWs can be defined as established limits for process parameters that affect the integrity of equipment and piping when operations deviate from these limits.  API 584 defines IOWs in three categories:Critical – Parameters where rapid deterioration occurs when the limit is exceeded (typically hours to days)Standard – Parameter where exceedances over a specified period of time will cause increased degradation (typically weeks to months or within a turnaround interval)Informational – Parameters monitored for long-term damage mechanismsWhile setting...
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