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Design/Analysis Services

cfdfigure1Becht Engineering has extensive experience and expertise in the design and analysis of mechanical components, including those for very severe environments such as very high temperatures and pressures. The coupling of extensive design experience and analysis capability enables us to take on the most challenging design projects. Added to this mix is our extensive experience in the relevant codes and standards, as we have participated in and chaired many of the committees that are responsible for those that govern the design of this equipment. 

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Design

Becht Engineering thrives on design challenges. We have designed first of a kind equipment for next generation applications and pressure equipment for pressures in excess of 6000 bar and temperatures in excess of 1000oC (1800oF). We are experts in the relevant codes and standards, with more than 40 positions held in ASME, API and ASTM Codes and Standards Committees, and having chaired many of them.

Analysis

Becht Engineering analytical capabilities include finite element analysis, pipe stress analysis, computational fluid dynamics (CFD), heat transfer, mechanical dynamics and vibration, fluid transients, structural analysis, fracture mechanics and pressure vessel design/analysis. We have a broad range of commercial software tools we use in our work, and when required to properly do the job, we develop our own tools. A Becht advantage is our expert abilities in interpretation of the results, which comes from our design experience and codes and standards expertise.

Code Expertise

Becht holds or has held over 125 positions in ASME, API and ASTM Codes and Standards Committees, and has chaired many of them. Updated June, 2018.

ASME COMMITTEES

  • ASME Past President
  • Board of Governors - Former Members
  • Board on New Development - Former Chair
  • Board on Hearings and Appeals - Former Chair
  • Board on Nuclear Codes and Standards - Former Member, Former Chair
  • Board on Pressure Technology Codes and Standards – Current Member, Former Chair, Vice-Chair & Members
  • Board on International Standards (Inactive Committee) - Former Member
  • Board on Council Operations - Former Chairs
  • Council on Standards and Certification - Former Chairs & Sr. VP's and Member

ASME POST CONSTRUCTION STANDARDS

  • Post Construction Standards Committee – Current Chair, Former Chairs & Vice-Chairs
  • Post Construction Executive Committee - Current Members, Former Chairs & Vice-Chairs
  • Subcommittee on Repair and Testing - Founding Chair, Current Member, Former Chair & Members
  • Subcommittee on Inspection Planning - Current Contributing Member
  • Subcommittee on Flange Joint Assembly – Founding Chair, Current Contributing Member, Former Chair
  • Subcommittee on Flaw Evaluation - Former Member

ASME PIPING AND COMPONENT CODES AND STANDARDS

  • B31, Code for Pressure Piping, Standards Committee - Current Members, Former Chair
  • B31, Code for Pressure Piping, Executive Committee - Current & Former Members
  • B31, Code for Pressure Piping, Mechanical Design Committee - Current Vice-Chair & Member, Former Vice-Chair
  • B31, Code for Pressure Piping, Materials Technical Committee – Current Chair
  • B31.1 Power Piping Section Committee – Current Member
  • B31.3, Process Piping Section Committee - Current Members, Former Chairs
  • B31.12 Hydrogen Piping and Pipelines Section Committee - Current Members
  • B31.1 Subgroup on Materials – Current Member
  • B31.3 Subgroup on High Pressure Piping - Former Chair
  • B31.3 Subgroup on Design - Current & Former Members
  • B16 Standardization of Valves, Flanges, Fittings, Gaskets Standards Committee - Current Member
  • B16 Subcommittee C - Steel Flanges and Flanged Fittings - Current Member, Former Chair
  • B16 Subcommittees on fittings, gaskets, copper components and valves - Current Member

ASME BOILER AND PRESSURE VESSEL CODE COMMITTEES

  • Committee on Pressure Vessels (BPV VIII) - Current Chair & Members, Former Members
  • Subgroup on Design (BPV VIII) - Current Members, Former Chair & Members
  • Subgroup on General Requirements (BPV VIII) - Current Member, Former Chair
  • Subgroup on High Pressure Vessels (Section VIII, Div 3) - Current Member, Former Chair
  • Subgroup on Heat Transfer Equipment (BPV VIII) - Current Member, Former Chair
  • Subgroup on Toughness (BPV II & VIII) - Current Member
  • Special Committee on Interpretations (BPV-VIII) - Current Member
  • Task Group on Impulsively Loaded Vessels (BPV VIII) - Current Member
  • Working Group on Design-By-Analysis (BPV VIII) - Current Members
  • Subgroup on External Pressure (BPV II) - Current Vice-Chair
  • Technical Oversight Management Committee (former Main Committee) - Current & Former Members
  • Committee on Transport Tanks (BPV XII) - Former Member
  • Committee on Construction of Nuclear Facility Components (BPV III) – Current Member & Former Vice-Chair
  • Standards Committee on Qualification of Mechanical Equipment (BPV III) - Former Member
  • Subgroup on General Requirements (BPV III) - Current & Former Members
  • Subcommittee on Design (III) – Current Member, Former Member & Chair
  • Subgroup on Component Design (III) - Current Member & Contributing Member, Former Member, Former Chair
  • Subgroup on Elevated Temperature Design (BPV III) - Current Member, Former Chair
  • Working Group on Piping (BPV III) - Current Chair, Former Chairs, Vice-Chair & Members
  • Operation and Maintenance of Nuclear Power Plants – Subcommittee on Piping (BPV III) - Current Member
  • Task Group Buried Components Inspection and Testing (BPV (XI) - Former Member
  • Working Group on Supports (BPV III) – Current Member and Former Chair & Member
  • Executive Committee on Strategy and Project Management (BPV III) - Former Chair
  • Special Working Group on Editing and Review (BPV III) – Current Member
  • Project Team on Hydrogen Tanks - Current Member
  • Special Committee on Interpretations (BPV III) - Former Chair
  • Special Working Group on High Density Polyethylene Piping (SC III) - Current Member
  • Subcommittee on Accreditation - Former Member-Alternate

ASME BOILER AND PRESSURE VESSEL CODE COMMITTEES (Inactive Committees)

  • Subcommittee VIII, Pressure Vessels (Inactive Committee) - Former Vice-Chair & Members
  • Design and Analysis Committee (Inactive Committee) - Former Chairs & Members
  • Subgroup on Design Analysis (BPV III & VIII) (Inactive Committee) - Former Chairs & Members
  • Special Working Group on High Pressure Vessels, Section VIII, Div 3 (Inactive Committee) - Former Chair
  • Subcommittee on Design - (Inactive Committee) - Former Members
  • Subgroup on Design SC-VIII (Inactive Committee) - Former Chair & Members
  • Subgroup on Design/Analysis (SC-D) (Inactive Committee) - Former Chair & Members

ASME/API

  • ASME/API Joint Fitness-for-Service Committee (API 579/ASME FFS-1) - Current Members, Former Vice-Chairs & other Members
    • Chair of Part 7 Hydrogen Blistering

API / COMMITTEE ON REFINERY EQUIPMENT

  • Subcommittee on Corrosion and Materials – Current Members
    • Task Group on API 941 High Temperature Hydrogen Attack – Current Members and technical editor for API 941 TBD
      revision 1
    • Task Group on API 939-C Sulfidation - Author and Current Vice Chairman
    • Task Group on API 945 Amine Cracking – Current Chairman
    • Task Group on API 970 CCD/IOW - Current Members and Vice Chairman
    • Task Group on API 584 IOW’s- Member
    • Task Group on API 571 Refining Damage Mechanisms – Current Chair and Former Chair
    • Task Group on API 934 Heavy Wall Vessels - Members
      • Part F) Development of a Guidance Document for Establishing Minimum Pressurization Temperatures for Heavy Wall Reactors in Hydrogen Service – Technical Editor and Current Member
      • Part G) Coking Drums in Delayed Coking Units – Technical Editor and Member
      • Parts H& I Hydrotreater reactors (Maintenance and inspection) – Technical Editor and Current Member
    • Task Group on API 580/581 RBI Member
  • Subcommittee on Piping - Former Vice-Chair
  • Taskgroup on Refractory – Former Chair
  • Subcommittee on Above Ground Storage Tanks - Former Member
  • Subcommittee on Heat Transfer Equipment - Former Chair
    • Task Group on Shell & Tube Heat Exchangers - Former Member
  • Task Group on Air Cooled Heat Exchangers - Former Member
  • API Committee on Refining Equipment – Former Chair

ASCE

  • ASCE Dynamic Analysis of Nuclear Structures (DANS) Committee - Vice Chair
  • Working Group on Revision of ASCE Standard 4 Seismic Analysis of Safety-Related Nuclear Structures - Voting Member
  • Working Group on Revision of ASCE Standard 43, Seismic Design Criteria for Structures, Systems, and Components in Nuclear Facilities – Voting Member

ADDITIONAL COMMITTEE INVOLVEMENT

  • MTI - Board of Directors - Current Member
  • MTI – Knowledge Management Project Development Committee - Current Chair
  • MTI – Project on the High Temperature Behavior of Weld Joints in Cast 20Cr-32Ni-Nb Alloys – Co-Champion
  • NACE STG 34 Refining Corrosion – Current Members
    • SP-0296 Wet H2S Cracking Inspection - Vice Chair
    • Publication 34103 Sulfidation Corrosion – Vice Chair
    • TG 510: Joint API/NACE Advisory Committee – API 751 Safe Operation of HF Alkylation Units – Corrosion and Materials Selection – Current Member
    • NACE TG 358: Hydrofluoric Acid and Hydrogen Fluoride: Review of NACE Publication 5A171 - Member
  • AWS A5 (Filler Metals) Committee - Source for ASME IIC - Current Member
  • ASTM F-17, Plastic Piping Systems Main Committee - Current Member
  • ASTM Standards and Certification Board of Directors - Current Member, Former Chair
  • ASTM Committees CO3, C-16, and D-20.23 - Current Member
  • ISA – The International Society for Measurement & Control, member of SP 93, Sealing Technologies Committee - Former Member
  • Materials Technology Institute’s Technical Advisory Council Committee - Current Member
  • Materials Technology Institute, Evaluation of Gaskets Committee - Current Member
  • US TAG for ISO/TC 153/SC 1 – Valve Design, Manufacturing, Marking and Testing - Current Member
  • US TAG for ISO/TC 5/SC 10 – Metallic Flanges and Their Joints - Current Member
  • US TAG for ISO TC 197 – Hydrogen Technologies - Current Member
  • US TAG for ISO TC 11 - Boilers and Pressure Vessels - Current Member
  • Joint ASME – IEEE Seismic Qualification Committee - Former Chair
  • ASME – ASCE Joint Task Group on Buried Piping - Founding & Current Chair
  • Process/Industry Practices (PIP): Coatings and Insulation - Former Function Team Leader
  • Process Industry Practices (PIP): Piping - Former Member
  • Society for Protective Coatings (SSPC): Standards Review Committee - Former Member
  • US DOE Hydrogen Safety Panel - Current Member
  • The Materials Properties Council - Former Member
  • Section III, SG on General Requirements - Current Member
  • Section III, SWG on Polyethylene Pipe (Inactive Committee) - Former Member
  • Section III, Working Group on Piping Design (Inactive Committee) - Former Member
  • PVRC Committee on Continuing Operation of Equipment - Former Chair
  • ASME Hydrogen Steering Committee (Inactive Committee) - Former Chair
  • ASME High Pressure Systems Committee - Former Vice-Chair & Member
  • ASME Task Group on Risk Analysis for the Critical Assets Protection Initiative - Former Chair & Member
  • ASME BPTCS Ad Hoc Task Group on Incorporation of Risk Based Principles into Pressure Technology Codes and Standards (Inactive) – Former Chair & Member
  • ASME BPTCS Task Group on Risk-Based Design and Inspection – Current Member
  • PVP Design and Analysis Committee - Current Members, Former Chair
  • PVP Division Leadership Team - Current Member
  • Working Group Duties and Responsibilities (SGGR-BPVIII) - Current Member
  • QAI-1 Qualification for Authorized Inspection - Former Chair
  • Subcommittee on Accreditation of Authorized Inspection Agencies - Current Member-Alternate
  • National Commission for the Certification of Crane Operators (NCCCO) - Vice President, Board of Directors
  • AISC TC 11 Nuclear Facilities Design - Member

Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD)

cfdfigure1 thumb

Becht has the Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) program, STAR-CCM+ as part of our suite of software packages. STAR-CCM+ is capable of handling 3D or 2D, time dependent, multi-phase flow problems with a variety of turbulent models to choose from. It also can integrate with our FEA package, Abaqus, for a coupled approach of solving fluid-structure mechanics interaction problems.

One application for STAR-CCM+ is modeling flow through valves to calculate the pressure drops. It can dynamically move open and close the valve during the analysis to calculate pressure drops at different conditions. It can record data at multiple points or create a movie of the flow.

Figure 1 (click) shows a screenshot of one of the frames from a movie output of a valve. Such a movie output of streamlines over time provides us a strong view of any potential problem areas in the valve or any object that is being analyzed.

Another application that Becht has used STAR-CCM+ in is for guillotine pipe ruptures. These are best handled with a 2D model because of the uniform dispersion of contents from a fully ruptured pipe. The 2D model allows for refinement of the mesh and also allows for the use of smaller time steps which can more accurately track the pressure wave propagation through the cavity in which the steam is dispersing. Data is recorded to address a number of potential concerns a blast wave presents. The first of which is the pressure time history directly in-front of the rupture location as shown in Figure 2. Another important parameter to check is the reflection multiplier of any corners or walls, as shown in Figure 3. Finally the overall movement of the blast wave can be tracked as shown in Figure 4

                   

Elevated Temperature Design

Becht Engineering has substantial experience and expertise in elevated temperature design. Dr Becht is a member and the former Chairman of the ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Subgroup on Elevated Temperature Design and has developed elevated temperature design methods that have been incorporated into codes and corporate standards. Included in his work are ASME funded R&D projects to develop new elevated temperature design rules for Section VIII, Divisions 1 and 2.

Becht Engineering has performed many design, analysis and troubleshooting projects for elevated temperature equipment, that is, equipment operating in the creep range for the material of construction. This includes design of equipment at such high temperatures and conditions that the design criteria needed to be developed, as was done for the Marble Hill Nuclear Reactor Annealing project involving 1000oC (1800oF) ducting that was only required to operate for a relatively short duration. These criteria were accepted by authorities such as DOE, NRC and National Labs without comment.

Our expert knowledge has enabled us to develop practical solutions to many elevated temperature problems.

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Failure Analysis

In some occasions, damage is not detected prior to failure.  In these cases, plant operations involve us to assist them in determining the root cause of the failure.  We apply the same approach used in Fitness-For-Service.  In failure analysis, we form up teams including the relevant discipline specialists, including mechanical, materials and equiprment specific experts such as rotating and fired equipment experts.  Our findings and recommendations are used to prevent failures in other equipment.